Scolture dell' Antico Altares del Presepe nella Basilica Liberiana

Dublin Core

Title




Scolture dell' Antico Altares del Presepe nella Basilica Liberiana

Subject

Sculpture of the ancient altar of the nativity in the Basilica Liberiane

Description

This sculpture along with the others that we will examine in the following table were once inside the interior of the church of S. Maria Maggiore, until they were removed with many other works by the order of Pope Benedict XIV which he restored so that the church could be rebuilt. We cannot say which was the foundation of their original destination, but it is certain that they had to be destined to decorate some altar and perhaps the same one was built by the cardinal of Estouteville.
This bas-relief was composed of two composite pillars and covered with beautiful ornaments, closed within these two niches separated by a pillar on which rest the arches of the niches forming shells. In the first of these, to the right of the beholder, may be seen the effigy of St. Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux, his face full of devout meditation. He has a book in his left hand, perhaps to mention the works written by this learned and holy man, and with his right hand holding a chain, to which is tied a filthy animal depicting the devil, which was won by the holy abbot and afflicted. The other niche is occupied by S. Jerome, as can be seen clearly from the lion, which is the animal always placed at the side of this saint, and the cardinal's hat owed to him because he was a priest of the Roman Church, and therefore decorated with the title of cardinal. He is dressed in a cardinal’s cloak that hangs from the shoulders broad with rich folds, and has a book in his hands in the act of opening it and read it.
The whole relief is surmounted by a lunette, in whose center is carved the figure of the Redeemer, and around it runs a carved frame, which is reminiscent of what rests on the pillars.

Creator

Drawn by Francesco M. Tosi

Publisher

Presso l'Editore Proprietario

Date

15th and 16th Century Sculpture

Contributor

Unknown Donor

Rights

Geneseo Foundation

Relation

Volumes 1, 2, 4, and 5

Format

20 x 16

Language

Italian

Type

Print

Identifier

Italian Monuments in Rome created during the 15th and 16th Century

Coverage

Prints were made circa 1835 to 1860

Files

LV.jpg

Citation

Drawn by Francesco M. Tosi, “


Scolture dell' Antico Altares del Presepe nella Basilica Liberiana
,” LLB Galleries, accessed November 19, 2018, http://artgalleries.milne-library.org/items/show/288.